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 +====== SCI论文中使用的经典句型 ======
 +
 + ​Beginning ​
 +    1. In this paper, we focus on the need for
 +    2. This paper proceeds as follow.
 +    3. The structure of the paper is as follows.
 +    4. In this paper, we shall first briefly introduce fuzzy sets and related concepts
 +    5. To begin with we will provide a brief background on the
 +
 +    Introduction ​
 +    1. This will be followed by a description of the fuzzy nature of the problem and a detailed presentation of how the required membership functions are defined.
 +    2. Details on xx and xx are discussed in later sections.
 +    3. In the next section, after a statement of the basic problem, various situations involving possibility knowledge are investigated:​ first, an entirely possibility model is proposed; then the cases of a fuzzy service time with stochastic arrivals and non fuzzy service rule is studied; lastly, fuzzy service rule are considered.
 +
 +    Review ​
 +    1. This review is followed by an introduction.
 +    2. A brief summary of some of the relevant concepts in xxx and xxx is presented in Section 2.
 +    3. In the next section, a brief review of the .... is given.
 +    4. In the next section, a short review of ... is given with special regard to ...
 +    5. Section 2 reviews relevant research related to xx.
 +    6. Section 1.1 briefly surveys the motivation for a methodology of action, while 1.2 looks at the difficulties posed by the complexity of systems and outlines the need for development of possibility methods.
 +
 +    Body 
 +    1. Section 1 defines the notion of robustness, and argues for its importance.
 +    2. Section 1 devoted to the basic aspects of the FLC decision making logic.
 +    3. Section 2 gives the background of the problem which includes xxx
 +    4. Section 2 discusses some problems with and approaches to, natural language understanding.
 +    5. Section 2 explains how flexibility which often ... can be expressed in terms of fuzzy time window
 +    6. Section 3 discusses the aspects of fuzzy set theory that are used in the ...
 +    7. Section 3 describes the system itself in a general way, including the ….. and also discusses how to evaluate system performance.
 +    8. Section 3 describes a new measure of xx.
 +    9. Section 3 demonstrates the use of fuzzy possibility theory in the analysis of xx.
 +    10. Section 3 is a fine description of fuzzy formulation of human decision.
 +    11. Section 3, is developed to the modeling and processing of fuzzy decision rules
 +    12. The main idea of the FLC is described in Section 3 while Section 4 describes the xx strategies.
 +    13. Section 3 and 4 show experimental studies for verifying the proposed model.
 +    14. Section 4 discusses a previous fuzzy set based approach to cost variance investigation.
 +    15. Section 4 gives a specific example of xxx.
 +    16. Section 4 is the experimental study to make a fuzzy model of memory process.
 +    17. Section 4 contains a discussion of the implication of the results of Section 2 and 3.
 +    18. Section 4 applies this fuzzy measure to the analysis of xx and illustrate its use on experimental data.
 +    19. Section 5 presents the primary results of the paper: a fuzzy set model ..
 +    20. Section 5 contains some conclusions plus some ideas for further work.
 +    21. Section 6 illustrates the model with an example.
 +    22. Various ways of justification and the reasons for their choice are discussed very briefly in Section 2.
 +    23. In Section 2 are presented the block diagram expression of a whole model of human DM system
 +    24. In Section 2 we shall list a collection of basic assumptions which a ... scheme must satisfy.
 +    25. In Section 2 of this paper, we present representation and uniqueness theorems for the fundamental measurement of fuzziness when the domain of discourse is order dense.
 +    26. In Section 3, we describe the preliminary results of an empirical study currently in progress to verify the measurement model and to construct membership functions.
 +    27. In Section 5 is analyzed the inference process through the two kinds of inference experiments...
 +This Section
 +    1. In this section, the characteristics and environment under which MRP is designed are described.
 +    2. We will provide in this section basic terminologies and notations which are necessary for the understanding of subsequent results.Next Section
 +    2. The next section describes the mathematics that goes into the computer implementation of such fuzzy logic statements.
 +    3. However, it is cumbersome for this purpose and in practical applications the formulae were rearranged and simplified as discussed in the next section.
 +    4. The three components will be described in the next two section, and an example of xx analysis of a computer information system will then illustrate their use.
 +    5. We can interpret the results of Experiments I and II as in the following sections.
 +    6. The next section summarizes the method in a from that is useful for arguments based on xx
 +
 +    Summary ​
 +    1. This paper concludes with a discussion of future research consideration in section 5.
 +    2. Section 5 summarizes the results of this investigation.
 +    3. Section 5 gives the conclusions and future directions of research.
 +    4. Section 7 provides a summary and a discussion of some extensions of the paper.
 +    5. Finally, conclusions and future work are summarized
 +    6. The basic questions posed above are then discussed and conclusions are drawn.
 +    7. Section 7 is the conclusion of the paper.
 +
 +    Chapter 0. Abstract ​
 +    1. A basic problem in the design of xx is presented by the choice of a xx rate for the measurement of experimental variables.
 +    2. This paper examines a new measure of xx in xx based on fuzzy mathematics which overcomes the difficulties found in other xx measures.
 +    3. This paper describes a system for the analysis of the xx.
 +    4. The method involves the construction of xx from fuzzy relations.
 +    5. The procedure is useful in analyzing how groups reach a decision.
 +    6. The technique used is to employ a newly developed and versatile xx algorithm.
 +    7. The usefulness of xx is also considered.
 +    8. A brief methodology used in xx is discussed.
 +    9. The analysis is useful in xx and xx problem.
 +    10. A model is developed for a xx analysis using fuzzy matrices.
 +    11. Algorithms to combine these estimates and produce a xx are presented and justified.
 +    12. The use of the method is discussed and an example is given.
 +    13. Results of an experimental applications of this xx analysis procedure are given to illustrate the proposed technique.
 +    14. This paper analyses problems in
 +    15. This paper outlines the functions carried out by ...
 +    16. This paper includes an illustration of the ...
 +    17. This paper provides an overview and information useful for approaching
 +    18. Emphasis is placed on the construction of a criterion function by which the xx in achieving a hierarchical system of objectives are evaluated.
 +    19. The main emphasis is placed on the problem of xx
 +    20. Our proposed model is verified through experimental study.
 +    21. The experimental results reveal interesting examples of fuzzy phases of: xx, xx
 +    22. The compatibility of a project in terms of cost, and xx are likewise represented by linguistic variables.
 +    23. A didactic example is included to illustrate the computational procedure
 +
 +    Chapter 1. Introduction ​
 +    Time
 +    1. Over the course of the past 30 years, .. has emerged form intuitive
 +    2. Technological revolutions have recently hit the industrial world
 +    3. The advent of ... systems for has had a significant impact on the
 +    4. The development of ... is explored
 +    5. During the past decade, the theory of fuzzy sets has developed in a variety of directions
 +    6.The concept of xx was investigated quite intensively in recent years
 +    7. There has been a turning point in ... methodology in accordance with the advent of ...
 +    8. A major concern in ... today is to continue to improve...
 +    9. A xx is a latecomer in the part representation arena.
 +    10. At the time of this writing, there is still no standard way of xx
 +    11. Although a lot of effort is being spent on improving these weaknesses, the efficient and effective method has yet to be developed.
 +    12. The pioneer work can be traced to xx [1965].
 +    13. To date, none of the methods developed is perfect and all are far from ready to be used in commercial systems.
 +
 +    Objective / Goal / Purpose ​
 +    1. The purpose of the inference engine can be outlined as follows:
 +    2. The ultimate goal of the xx system is to allow the non experts to utilize the existing knowledge in the area of manual handling of loads, and to provide intelligent,​ computer aided instruction for xxx.
 +    3. The paper concerns the development of a xx
 +    4. The scope of this research lies in
 +    5. The main theme of the paper is the application of rule based decision making.
 +    6. These objectives are to be met with such thoroughness and confidence as to permit ...
 +    7. The objectives of the ... operations study are as follows:
 +    8. The primary purpose/​consideration/​objective of
 +    9. The ultimate goal of this concept is to provide
 +    10. The main objective of such a ... system is to
 +    11. The aim of this paper is to provide methods to construct such probability distribution.
 +    12. In order to achieve these objectives, an xx must meet the following requirements:​
 +    13. In order to take advantage of their similarity
 +    14. more research is still required before final goal of ... can be completed
 +    15. In this trial, the objective is to generate...
 +    16. for the sake of concentrating on ... research issues
 +    17. A major goal of this report is to extend the utilization of a recently developed procedure for the xx.
 +    18. For an illustrative purpose, four well known OR problems are studied in presence of fuzzy data: xx.
 +    19. A major thrust of the paper is to discuss approaches and strategies for structuring ..methods
 +    20. This illustration points out the need to specify
 +    21. The ultimate goal is both descriptive and prescriptive.
 +    22. Chapter 2. Literature Review
 +    23. A wealth of information is to be found in the statistics literature, for example, regarding xx
 +    24. A considerable amount of research has been done .. during the last decade
 +    25. A great number of studies report on the treatment of uncertainties associated with xx.
 +    26. There is considerable amount of literature on planning
 +    27. However, these studies do not provide much attention to uncertainty in xx.
 +    28. Since then, the subject has been extensively explored and it is still under investigation as well in
 +    methodological aspects as in concrete applications.
 +    29. Many research studies have been carried out on this topic.
 +    30. Problem of xx draws recently more and more attention of system analysis.
 +    31. Attempts to resolve this dilemma have resulted in the development of
 +    32. Many complex processes unfortunately,​ do not yield to this design procedure and have, therefore, not yet been automated.
 +    33. Most of the methods developed so far are deterministic and /or probabilistic in nature.
 +    34. The central issue in all these studies is to
 +    35. The problem of xx has been studied by other investigators,​ however, these studies have been based upon classical statistical approaches.
 +    36. Applied ... techniques to
 +    37. Characterized the ... system as
 +    38. Developed an algorithm to
 +    39. Developed a system called ... which
 +    40. Uses an iterative algorithm to deduce
 +    41. Emphasized the need to
 +    42. Identifies six key issues surrounding high technology
 +    43. A comprehensive study of the... has been undertaken
 +    44. Much work has been reported recently in these filed
 +    45. Proposed/​Presented/​State that/​Described/​Illustrated/​
 +    Indicated/​Has shown / showed/​Address/​Highlights
 +    46. Point out that the problem of
 +    47. A study on ...was done / developed by []
 +    48. Previous work, such as [] and [], deal only with
 +    49. The approach taken by [] is
 +    50. The system developed by [] consists
 +    51. A paper relevant to this research was published by []
 +    52. []'s model requires consideration of...
 +    53. []' model draws attention to evolution in human development
 +    54. []'s model focuses on...
 +    55. Little research has been conducted in applying ... to
 +    56. The published information that is relevant to this research...
 +    57. This study further shows that
 +    58. Their work is based on the principle of
 +    59. More history of ... can be found in xx et al. [1979].
 +    60. Studies have been completed to established
 +    61. The ...studies indicated that
 +    62. Though application of xx in the filed of xx has proliferated in recent years, effort in analyzing xx, especially xx, is lacking.
 +    Problem / Issue / Question
 +    63. Unfortunately,​ real-world engineering problems such as manufacturing planning do not fit well with this narrowly defined model. They tend to span broad activities and require consideration of multiple aspects.
 +    64. Remedy / solve / alleviate these problems
 +    67. ... is a difficult problem, yet to be adequately resolved
 +    68. Two major problems have yet to be addressed
 +    69. An unanswered question
 +    70. This problem in essence involves using x to obtain a solution.
 +    71. An additional research issue to be tackled is ....
 +    72. Some important issues in developing a ... system are discussed
 +    73. The three prime issues can be summarized:
 +    74. The situation leads to the problem of how to determine the ...
 +    75. There have been many attempts to
 +    76. It is expected to be serious barrier to
 +    77. It offers a simple solution in a limited domain for a complex
  
wztg/scisentences.txt · 最后更改: 2013/07/15 01:36 由 wyyw